Global Precision Ball & Roller
178 Sunny Valley Road
New Milford, Connecticut 06776


Manufacturing Process

Standard Steel Ball Production

1. Heading

Ball blanks are cold or hot headed from rolls of wire or bar stock depending on their size and the material. The heading machine cuts off a short cylinder of the material and a moving die with a concave spherical cup drives the cylinder into a matching cup in a fixed die. The result is a spherical shape which is the ball blank.

2. Flashing

The flashing operation removes the slight belt and small protrusions left on the surface faces by rolling them between the two hard alloy plates under high pressure.

3. Heat Treat

The balls are hardened, if required, by heating them to a high temperature (over 1500 degrees Fahrenheit) in an atmospherically controlled furnace and then quenching them into a liquid bath. They are then tempered to reduce their brittleness by heating them to a low temperature (around 325 Fahrenheit). Samples are checked for hardness. The grain size and metallurgical structure are inspected under a high power microscope.

4. Grinding

The hardened balls are precision ground by rolling them between the faces of a fixed iron plate and a very hard fine-grit grinding wheel.

5. Lapping/Polishing

The next step is the lapping operation. The hardened ground balls are rolled between two cast iron plates. One plate is fixed while the other is rotated at a very low speed. The real secret of the extreme quality of precision balls happens here. At this stage the sphericity and size have been established and are carefully inspected by ABMA customer requirements. The final production operation is polishing which adds the shiny luster to the finished ball. The balls are then inspected visually and / or mechanically inspected.

ISO 9001: 2015 
ISO 14001: 2004
ISO TS 16949: 2009

178 Sunny Valley Road, New Milford, Connecticut 06776
Tel: 860-210-0808 | Fax: 860-210-0818 | Email:

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